A Dictionary of Environmental History by Ian D. Whyte

By Ian D. Whyte

Professor Whyte's A Dictionary of Environmental historical past provides in one quantity a complete reference paintings overlaying the earlier 12,000 years of the Earth's environmental heritage. An creation to the self-discipline is through nearly 1,000 entries masking key terminology, occasions, locations, dates, subject matters, in addition to the main personalities within the historical past of the self-discipline. Entries diversity from shorter real debts to mammoth mini-essays on key subject matters and concerns. totally cross-referenced with an intensive bibliography, this pioneering paintings presents an authoritative but available source that may shape crucial examining for teachers, practitioners and scholars of environmental background and similar disciplines.

Show description

Read or Download A Dictionary of Environmental History PDF

Best environmental studies books

Nitrogen Cycling in the Americas: Natural and Anthropogenic Influences and Controls

Advances in our realizing of the nitrogen cycle and the impression of anthropogenic actions on local to international scales rely on the growth of medical experiences to those fast-developing areas. This ebook offers a chain of experiences from around the Americas whose objective is to focus on key usual techniques that keep watch over nitrogen biking in addition to talk about the most anthropogenic impacts at the nitrogen cycle in either the tropical and temperate areas of the Americas.

Valuing Ecosystem Services: Toward Better Environmental Decision-Making

Nutrient recycling, habitat for vegetation and animals, flood keep an eye on, and water offer are one of many worthwhile companies supplied through aquatic ecosystems. In making judgements approximately human actions, comparable to draining a wetland for a housing improvement, it really is necessary to give some thought to either the worth of the improvement and the price of the surroundings prone which may be misplaced.

Persistent, Bioaccumulative, and Toxic PBT) Chemicals: Technical Aspects, Policies, and Practices

Constructed from the efforts of a multiyear, overseas venture analyzing how power, bioaccumulative, and poisonous (PBT) chemical compounds are evaluated and controlled, continual, Bioaccumulative, and poisonous (PBT) chemical compounds: Technical elements, guidelines, and Practices makes a speciality of bettering the approaches that govern PBTs.

Extra resources for A Dictionary of Environmental History

Example text

Shrinkage has been due to reduced inflow, mainly due to abstraction for irrigation. Annual inflow in 1960 was 63–65 km3. 5 km3, 37 Aral Sea though a minimum of 10 km3 is needed to prevent further shrinkage. Major changes in the volume of the sea are not new: former shorelines show that it has risen and fallen throughout the Holocene, with a range of at least 20 m and possibly over 40 m due to variations in climate and alterations in the courses of the rivers flowing into it. Within the last 3,000 years human societies have played an increasing role through diverting water for irrigation and other purposes.

1500BC and AD1100 the Tiwanaku developed agriculture and population grew. They developed a distinctive high-yield farming technique based on growing crops on raised mounds surrounded by irrigation water which released heat at night to provide warmth for the crops. Between AD600 and AD800 Tiwanuku developed on an urban scale with a population of up to 30,000 and impressive monumental architecture. Around AD950 there was a significant fall in precipitation around L Titicaca and agriculture seems to have collapsed, leaving a vacuum which was eventually to be filled by the Incas.

The livestock of the LBK people were probably often stall-fed due to a lack of open grazing. The LBK culture adapted agriculture to a very different climate from that of the Near E. Cultivation involved emmer and einkorn wheat with legumes and some barley. Fields were probably small with perhaps 10–30 ha for a community with a population of 20–60. Livestock rearing focused on cattle with some sheep and goats. New strains of cereals were developed to cope with moister conditions. They had a preference for particular habitats with well-drained, easilycultivated soils developed on deposits of windblown loess which had accumulated at the end of the ice age.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.34 of 5 – based on 23 votes