A Windfall of Musicians: Hitler's Emigres and Exiles in by Dorothy Lamb Crawford

By Dorothy Lamb Crawford

This e-book is the 1st to check the intense collecting of composers, conductors, and different musicians who fled Nazi Germany and arrived within the l. a. sector. Musicologist Dorothy Lamb Crawford appears heavily on the lives, inventive paintings, and impression of 16 performers, fourteen composers, and one opera degree director, who joined this gigantic migration starting within the Nineteen Thirties. a few during this workforce have been recognized once they fled Europe, others may achieve popularity within the younger musical tradition of la, and nonetheless others struggled to set up themselves in an atmosphere frequently immune to musical innovation. Emphasizing person voices, Crawford provides brief photographs of Igor Stravinsky, Arnold Schoenberg, and the opposite musicians whereas additionally contemplating their impression as a group—in the movie undefined, in song associations in and round l. a., and as lecturers who expert the following iteration. The booklet finds a uniquely shiny period whilst Southern California turned a hub of exceptional musical expertise.

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43 In 1935 and 1937 Stravinsky made his second and third concert tours to America, promoting himself and his music as pianist in violin recitals of his works with the Jewish violinist Samuel Dushkin and as a conductor of his own works. His study of English enhanced his appreciation of the United States, and in July 1937 he reported to a Belgrade newspaper: “I have become convinced that interest in . . serious music, old and new, is EUROPE 16 steadily increasing among Americans. . ”44 Opening the May 1938 exhibition of “Degenerate Music” in Düsseldorf on the 125th birthday of Richard Wagner, Goebbels reported on the progress since 1933 of removal and systematic reform that would revive “the domain of an art that until [the years of the Weimar Republic] had been seen throughout the world as the most German of all.

Where I am allowed to go on my feet, where my head can be erect, where kindness and cheerfulness is dominating, and where to live is a joy and to be an expatriate of another country is the grace of God. ”20 One of Schoenberg’s Viennese students, the émigré composer, pianist, and musicologist Paul Pisk, who taught at the University of Redlands from 1936 to 1945 and returned to California for his retirement, stated that the first and lasting revelation about his new homeland was that American people could freely express their opinions in the 1936 Franklin Roosevelt–Alfred Landon campaign for the presidency.

Walter immediately requested release from his Vienna State Opera and Salzburg Festival contracts. Perhaps because of his association with the fallen government, Walter’s older daughter was arrested and detained for two weeks in Vienna. The family apartment and car were confiscated by the Nazis. Austria became “Ostmark,” and the Walters’ Austrian passports were invalidated. They managed to obtain French passports, and their two daughters rented a villa for the family at Lake Lugano in Switzerland.

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