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Extra resources for Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries
Wach, in R. , Cambridge, 2009). 91 Oil CFPP*(FAME) Fraction of saturated fatty acids Rapeseed oil Soybean oil Palm oil À12 1C** À4 1C 10À14 1C 7–8% 12–15% Approx. 45% CFPP ¼ cold ﬁlter plugging point, DIN EN 14 214, the temperature at which a fuel will cause a fuel ﬁlter to plug due to fuel components, which have begun to crystallise or gel. Like petroleum diesel fuel, commercial biodiesel qualities are sold as winter quality (CFPP –20 1C), transition quality (CFPP –10 1C) and summer quality (CFPP 0 1C).
Y. Linko and P. Javanainen, Enzym. Microb. 1016/0141-0229(95)00189-1. 12. K. J. Zielinska, K. M. Stecka, A. H. Miecznikowski and A. M. Suterska, Pr. Inst. Lab. Badaw. Przem. , 2000, 55, 22–29. 13. B. Kamm, M. Kamm, M. Schmidt, I. Starke and E. 073. 14. T. Werpy and G. ), Top Value Added Chemicals from Biomass, US Department of Energy, Oﬃce of Scientiﬁc and Technical Information, 2004, No. gov/bridge Introduction 41 15. B. Dale, Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology, 3rd edn, vol. 2, pp.
TOFA is preferred in those applications where a high degree of unsaturation is required. In these applications, it competes with other unsaturated fatty acids, such as soy and rapeseed fatty acid. 4 Speciality Vegetable Oils Specialty oils are oils that have only a small market volume. The demand is not high, because specialty oils are niche products. Among the specialty oils are nut oils, such as almond oil, macadamia nut oil, hazelnut oil and walnut oil. Cold or expeller pressed nut oils are the latest darlings of the cooking world.