By Monroe C. Beardsley
“Beardsley’s ebook accomplishes to perfection what the author meant. It illuminates a space of historical past from a definite point of view as used to be by no means performed earlier than. . . . The distinguishing function of his e-book is a n pleasure over every thing I aesthetics that has to do with symbols, meanings, language, and modes of interpretation. And this pleasure has dropped at gentle features of the heritage f the topic by no means spotted ahead of, or at the very least, no longer so clearly.”
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Extra info for Aesthetics from Classical Greece to the Present
There may be a difference in Plato's attitude here. Perhaps the second, and less farreaching, suggestion is more plausible: though different arts (from, say, the architect's to the rhapsode's) may require more or less deliberate calculation, and though to analyze the beauties of a work once it is completed may require rational thought, still, wherever beauty is captured in sensuous form, some abandonment to the creative eros, some inspired access to ideal beauty, is involved. This makes the artist an unreliable guide to the behavior of things in this world; he does not-or need not-have solidly based empirical opinions or productive skills, much less a rational grasp of basic logical and mathematical connections between the other Forms.
No doubt the expert on cosmetics must have what Plato calls "true opinion" -that is, some empirical informationto be a success at his trade; but he does not have knowledge (episteme), in Plato's sense. At least, he doesn't have the sort of knowledge that he might be taken to have by the uncritical, for he doesn't really know how to produce health, but only the bloom of it. He does not have a craft, but a knack (tribe). Thus one criterion of a pseudo craft is that it is not based on knowledge, like the work of the carpenter or shipbuilder (Euthydemus 281).
Philebus, trans. R. Hackforth as Plato's Examination of Pleasure (Cambridge, 1945). Republic, trans. F. M. Cornford (Oxford, 1941). Sophist, trans. F. M. Cornford as Plato's Theory of Knowledge (New York, 1935). Rupert C. Lodge, Plato's Theory of Art (London, 1953). Eric A. , 1963). 52 Aesthetics from Classical Greece to the Present Raphael Demos, The Philosophy of Plato (New York, 1939), chs. 11-13. G. M. A. Grube, Plato's Thought (London, 1935), ch. 6. 1. M. Crombie, An Examination of Plato's Doctrines, Vol.