By Toshiyuki Monma, Itsuo Goto, Takahisa Hayashi, Hidekiyo Tachiya, Kanju Ohsawa
This ebook summarizes the result of three years of agricultural and forestry reconstructive efforts and utilized study performed without delay within the affected parts of Fukushima following the good East Japan Earthquake. It describes speedy and potent revival equipment and applied sciences from tsunami and radiation damages, established during the collaborative efforts of researchers, scholars, neighborhood farmers, wooded area vendors, and municipalities accrued lower than the Tokyo collage of Agriculture East Japan counsel undertaking. together with 4 elements, the 1st a part of the publication presents an outline of the wear and measures taken to beat them via the neighborhood municipalities and the Tokyo collage of Agriculture. the second one half provides facts and result of agricultural restoration from the tsunami—for instance, tracking platforms, reconstruction versions, and handy, inexpensive equipment built for the recovery of tsunami-damaged paddy fields. The 3rd half specializes in restoration from radiation-contaminated farmlands and forests and consequent reputational damages. incorporated are a number of basic facts bought from box experiments and surveys, stories at the mechanism of infection, and the result of radical tracking, decontamination, and recovery ideas played at this web site. the ultimate half is a set of reflections of neighborhood farmers, woodland proprietors, and scholars who participated within the venture. the educational trials and error recorded during this booklet are a useful contribution to catastrophe administration and restoration approaches. it truly is written for a large viewers, no longer constrained to researchers and scholars, but in addition for presidency and country officers, municipalities, agricultural cooperative employees individuals, and farmers.
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Additional resources for Agricultural and Forestry Reconstruction After the Great East Japan Earthquake: Tsunami, Radioactive, and Reputational Damages
Then, moving on to the issue of reputational damage, the researchers presented the results of their surveys on consumers’ opinions of, and willingness to buy, agricultural produce from Fukushima Prefecture, and on the efficacy of testing for radionuclide in terms of reducing the negative reputation. They emphasized the importance of endeavoring to make absolutely sure that no contaminated agricultural produce is shipped from Fukushima and were able to win the audience’s support in this regard. On February 24 we were scheduled to hold our first briefing in Tamano, where the biggest problem was radioactive contamination.
Their survey entailed measuring the ambient radiation dose at two different heights and sampling soil from two different depths. They then explained the results of their survey to residents (Fig. 8). Their enthusiasm for their work was such that the residents of Tamano would follow Professor Monma’s advice, even if they would not listen to what I said. Because of the high ambient radiation doses and the reputational damage, we refrained from planting any rice in 2012, but took the opportunity to reduce the soil radiation dose by planting green manure crops and working them into the soil using deep plowing.
To that end, in May 2011 it created a scheme to offer financial aid to farmers affected by the disasters to help them start operating their farms again. The scheme pays 35,000 yen per 10 ares of paddy field to enable the farmers to restore their land to its previous condition to resume farming. Such restoration work might involve relatively straightforward removal of garbage and debris, repairing ridges between rice paddies and water conduits, or removing salt. This aid scheme is intended to encourage resumption of farming operations by enabling farmers to obtain income in return for undertaking farmland recovery work themselves.