An Introduction to Traffic Flow Theory by Lily Elefteriadou

By Lily Elefteriadou

This textual content presents a complete and concise therapy of the subject of site visitors movement idea and comprises numerous subject matters proper to today’s street transportation method. It offers the basic rules of site visitors movement thought in addition to purposes of these rules for comparing particular sorts of amenities (freeways, intersections, etc.). more recent thoughts of clever transportation structures (ITS) and their strength influence on site visitors circulation are mentioned. state of the art in site visitors movement study and microscopic site visitors research and site visitors simulation have considerably complicated and also are mentioned during this textual content. genuine international examples and worthwhile challenge units supplement every one chapter.

This textbook is intended to be used in complex undergraduate/graduate point classes in site visitors stream concept with necessities together with semesters of calculus, facts, and an introductory path in transportation. The textual content might even be of curiosity to transportation execs as a refresher in site visitors circulation idea, or as a reference. scholars and engineers of various backgrounds will locate this article obtainable and appropriate to today’s site visitors issues.

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Extra resources for An Introduction to Traffic Flow Theory

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Harwood DW, Torbic DJ, Richard KR, Glauz WD, Elefteriadou L (2003) Review of truck characteristics as factors in geometric design, NCHRP report 505. Transportation Research Board 11. Highway Safety Manual, 1st edn, vol 1, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) (2010) 12. Transportation Research Board (2012) Human Factors Guidelines for Road Systems, 2nd edn, NCHRP report 600. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC 13. TRB special report 165; revised monograph on traffic flow theory, Web document http://www.

Lastly, lane control is another type of control used in traffic management. Lane control in a freeway environment may consist of lane use policies for trucks, highoccupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes, high-occupancy toll (HOT) lanes, reversible lanes, or the temporary use of hard shoulder (additional information is provided in Chap. 8). Along urban streets, lane control (or channelization) designates certain lanes for specific movements. Traffic control affects the individual vehicle trajectories as it requires decelerating and accelerating at specific locations.

This variability stems from differences in factors such as gender, age, vision capabilities, and driver impairment. These affect acceleration, deceleration, speed choice, overtaking and passing, and gap acceptance. The degree of aggressiveness is another significant factor that has been incorporated in traffic operational analysis. For example, [14] conducted three focus groups to investigate drivers’ intended actions along a freeway-ramp-merging segment. The study used “selfishness” as a criterion to develop three behavioral categories: aggressive, average, and conservative.

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