Application of Hydrothermal Reactions to Biomass Conversion by Fangming Jin

By Fangming Jin

This bookreviews the new advances in hydrothermal conversion of biomass into chemical compounds and fuels, and includes 15 chapters. It introduces the houses of high-temperature water, the advantages of hydrothermal conversion of biomass, and a few novel hydrothermal conversion procedures, in most cases together with hydrothermal creation of value-added items, hydrothermal gasification, hydrothermal liquefaction and hydrothermal carbonization. This ebook introduces a brand new proposal for counteracting the imbalance within the carbon cycle, that is as a result of the speedy intake of fossil fuels in anthropogenic actions together with the sluggish formation of fossil fuels. as a result, the e-book turns out to be useful in conveying a basic knowing of hydrothermal conversion of biomass within the carbon cycle in order that a contribution should be made to attaining sustainable power and atmosphere. it's also fascinating to a large readership in a number of fields together with chemical, geologic and environmental technology and engineering.

Fangming Jin is a individual Professor on the tuition of Environmental technological know-how & Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong college, China

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The conversion of glucose was above 99 %, thus, the yield almost equals the selectivity. 6 % and no formation of lactic acid was observed. This result suggests that CuO had a promotion 38 Y. Wang et al. Fig. 3 Schematic diagram of reactors used. a Batch rector 1: photo and its heating time profile, reproduced from Ref. [49] by permission of John Wiley & Sons Ltd; b Batch reactor 2, reprinted with permission from Ref. [12]. Copyright 2013 American Chemical Society; c Diagram of continuous flow reactor, reproduced from Ref.

Floriano WB, Nascimento MAC (2004) Dielectric constant and density of water as a function of pressure at constant temperature. Braz J Phys 34:38–41 72. Bradley DJ, Pitzer KS (1979) Thermodynamics of electrolytes. 12. Dielectric properties of water and Debye-Hueckel parameters to 350 °C and 1 kbar. J Phys Chem 83(12):1599–1603 73. CRC Handbook of chemistry and physics (1993) 74 edn. CRC Press 74. Islam MN, Jo YT, Park JH (2012) Remediation of PAHs contaminated soil by extraction using subcritical water.

Then, the formed lactic acid is further oxidized into acetic acid via a similar transformation by formation of Cu complex with the release of CO2 as shown in Fig. 11. The detailed discussion on reduction of CuO into Cu2O and Cu by glucose and cellulose is given in Sects. 2. 46 Y. Wang et al. Fig. 11 Reaction pathway of production of lactic and acetic acid from D-glucose with CuO under alkaline hydrothermal conditions (R1: coordination; R2: redox; R3: Lobry de BruynAlberda van Ekenstein transformation (LBAE); R4: elimination; R5: benzilic acid rearrangement; and R6: hydration).

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