Aspect In Mandarin Chinese: A Corpus-based Study (Studies in by Richard Xiao †, Tony McEnery

By Richard Xiao †, Tony McEnery

Chinese language, as a facet language, has performed a tremendous function within the improvement of element conception. This publication is a scientific and dependent exploration of the linguistic units that Mandarin chinese language employs to precise aspectual meanings. The paintings awarded this is the 1st corpus-based account of element in chinese language, encompassing either state of affairs element and perspective point. In utilizing corpus facts, the publication seeks to accomplish a wedding among theory-driven and corpus-based methods to linguistics. The corpus-based version offered explores element at either the semantic and grammatical degrees. on the semantic point a two-level version of scenario element is proposed, which covers either the lexical and sentential degrees, hence giving a greater account of the compositional nature of state of affairs element. on the grammatical point 4 perfective and 4 imperfective elements in chinese language are explored intimately. This exploration corrects many intuition-based misconceptions, and linked deceptive conclusions, approximately point in chinese language universal within the literature.

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Additional info for Aspect In Mandarin Chinese: A Corpus-based Study (Studies in Language Companion Series)

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More precisely, they belong to diVerent situations. It deWnitely runs contrary to Smith’s own deWnitions of aspect and viewpoint aspect to include these stages as the internal temporal structure of a 29 30 Aspect in Mandarin Chinese situation. 2). e. e. 4). However, the Wnal endpoint is normally excluded, therefore imperfective viewpoints are open informationally. 5. Aspect: two components, two levels Situation aspect is basically a cognitive-semantic concept while viewpoint aspect is a grammatical concept.

If things are going that quickly it would mean that both type a letter and type a (business) letter are members of one and the same category and that they manifest themselves as either Achievement terms or Accomplishment terms dependent on something which has nothing to do with language itself. 3; cf. also Siewierska 1991:232). Thus, an event like John’s arrival may take several seconds or even a couple of minutes (he may have to park his car, walk towards the door, and then press the doorbell), yet we cannot say this event is durative because of this passage of time.

Even an apple falling down from a tree consumes some energy, because it falls as a result of gravity. ] or from outside. (Comrie 1976:49) One of the linguistic tests that has been extensively adopted to determine dynamicity is the progressive test proposed by Vendler (1967). The progressive only applies to situations that have successive stages, as in (4a). As states are homogeneous and do not have successive stages,6 they are normally incompatible with the progressive, as shown in (4b): (4) a.

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