By Pan Zhixin
This booklet reviews intimately the newly built Communicative Listening Comprehension try (CLCT) for the nationwide collage English try (CET) of China. Following the rules of communicative trying out as a rule and try building technique proposed by means of Bachman and Palmer (1996) specifically, the undertaking develops CLCT for CET-4 and CET-6. The examine starts off with the development of frameworks of listening job features and communicative listening skill. to that end, in response to a survey of chinese language students' English listening wishes and an research of listening projects in influential English listening path books and public exams, CLCT-4 and CLCT-6 try out standards are built. eventually, pattern papers are produced and a chain of posteriori stories are performed to envision the trouble and usability of the newly constructed notes-completion activity kind in CLCT assessments. for instance of profitable integration of communicative checking out theories and attempt development perform, this learn offers necessary insights into listening try out improvement for different large-scale checks.
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Extra info for Assessing listening for Chinese English learners: developing a communicative listening comprehension test suite for CET
For him, grammatical competence alone is not sufficient to enable a speaker to use language effectively, that is, to produce and understand sentences which are acceptable to the context in which they occur. Therefore, Hymes’ notion of communicative competence has four components: grammatical possibility, psychological feasibility, sociocultural appropriateness, and attestedness in actual performance (281). Furthermore, Hymes also views competence as the ability to use language. For him, knowledge is only a resource, and the central issue is how this knowledge can get realized as use.
Situation or context in which the test taker will be using the language outside of the test itself) in mind. (Bachman and Palmer, 1996:18) Therefore, different tests incorporating different skill areas are needed for evaluating different groups of examinees with different target situation needs. 1 Approaches to language testing Approach to testing Main perspective What to test How to test Structuralist Knowledge of language DiscreteLinguistic testing system point Integrative Psycholinguistic Meaning in discourse Integrative testing Communicative Communicative task Integrative Sociolinguistic testing performance Authentic Assessment criteria Accuracy Accuracy Fluency Communicative effectiveness Accuracy Fluency Appropriacy As for the test method, communicative tests pursue directness or authenticity.
The purpose of communicative tests is to make inferences about test takers’ language ability that generalize to the specific domains in which the test takers are likely to use the language. ” Therefore, it is impossible to list all the possible tasks in the description of the target language use domain. However, it is possible to identify the distinguishing characteristics of them and to use these characteristics to describe a language use domain. With a framework of task characteristics, target language use tasks and test tasks can both be described and compared with each other to assess their degree of correspondence.