By Walter Liese, Michael Köhl
This ebook offers the state of the art wisdom on bamboo. It starts off with an advent to the plant’s biology, its taxonomy, habitat, morphology and development. The cultivation of bamboo is mentioned when it comes to silviculture, pests and ailments, and harvesting concepts. The ebook is finished via a accomplished presentation of the homes of bamboo, its usage and its preservation.
Bamboo is the fastest-growing and such a lot flexible plant on the earth. for hundreds of years it has performed an indispensible half within the way of life of hundreds of thousands of individuals in tropical international locations. In fresh many years it has won expanding significance as an alternative for timber.
The e-book was once constructed as a reference textual content for scientists, execs, and graduate scholars with a robust curiosity during this designated plant.
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Additional resources for Bamboo: The Plant and its Uses
The number of new culms that develop from a clump varies by species, soil and climatic conditions, harvesting method, age and size of clump, overhead cover, etc. In most of the species, both the height and diameter at breast height of full-grown culm produced during 5–7 years of clump age are maximum if not felled, and after that period, all the increments including clump girth are very little and remain more or less static. The clump girth in Melocanna baccifera shows continuous rapid expansion even after 10 years of age.
Culm leaves with sheaths often bearing fimbriae or fimbriate auricles at the sheath summit; oral setae usually present (absent in Apoclada and Guadua). Foliage leaf sheaths often with fimbriae or fimbriate auricles at the summit; oral setae present; blades with a complex, abaxially projecting midrib; intercostal sclerenchyma absent; adaxial epidermis usually with abundant stomates and well-developed papillae, rarely these lacking or infrequent and poorly developed; abaxial epidermis usually lacking a green stripe along the narrow-side margin, with stomates present and abundant (absent in Apoclada) and papillae absent to well developed; stomatal apparatus with papillae absent from the subsidiary cells but usually overarched by papillae from adjacent long cells.
Propagation and cultivation—fruits and culm cuttings. Uses and value—roofing, thatching, matting, pulp, paper and rayon; shoots are locally eaten and used for preparing liquor. 2 Priority Species of Bamboo 39 Phyllostachys pubescens (Grove Forming) Brief description—Medium to large monopodial bamboo with culms 10–20 m tall, approximately 18–20 cm diameter and internodes up to 45 cm long, young culms bearing a noticeable waxy white covering. Distribution—China. Introduced to Japan (eighteenth century), Korea, Vietnam, the USA and Europe amongst others.