Biomass and Bioenergy: Processing and Properties by Khalid Rehman Hakeem

By Khalid Rehman Hakeem

Biomass bought from agricultural residues or wooded area can be utilized to supply various fabrics and bioenergy required in a contemporary society. compared to different assets to be had, biomass is among the most typical and common assets on the planet. therefore, biomass has the capability to supply a renewable strength resource, either in the neighborhood and throughout huge parts of the area. it really is envisioned that the entire funding within the biomass quarter among 2008 and 2021 will achieve the massive sum of $104 billion. almost immediately bioenergy is crucial renewable power alternative and should stay so the close to and medium-term destiny. formerly a number of nations attempt to discover the usage of biomass in bioenergy and composite region. Biomass has the aptitude to turn into the world’s greatest and so much sustainable power resource and should be greatly fashionable. Bioenergy is predicated on assets that may be applied on a sustainable foundation everywhere in the international and will hence function a good choice for the supply of power providers. additionally, the advantages accumulated transcend power provision, developing special possibilities for neighborhood improvement. the current booklet will supply an updated account of non-wood, woodland residues, agricultural biomass (natural fibers), and effort vegetation including processing, houses and its functions to make sure biomass usage and reuse. All facets of biomass and bioenergy and their homes and functions may be severely re-examined. The e-book comprises 3 sections, proposing Non wooden and woodland items from forestry, arboriculture actions or from wooden processing, agricultural biomass (natural fibers) from agricultural harvesting or processing and at last power vegetation: excessive yield vegetation and grasses grown specifically for strength production.

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2012) were used as polymeric base of the natural fiber composites, whereas Phenol formaldehyde (Zhang et al. 2012), Polyester (Al-Khanbashi et al. 2005), Epoxy resin (Shalwan and Yousif 2014), and Vinyl esters (Huo et al. 2012) were widely used as thermosets matrix. Due to the undesirable properties as well as the technical drawback of natural fibers such as high moisture absorption and anisotropic characteristics (Arbelaiz et al. 2005), and the low permissible processing temperature, proper polymer matrices have to be selected for a particular fiber type to avoid the possibility of any lignocellulosic degradation and to prevent volatile emissions that could hurt composite characteristics (Rowell et al.

These fibers are cellulosic in nature and are obtained from natural, reproducible resource of bamboo plants. Bamboo fibers are made from pulp of the plant, which is extracted from the plant’s stems and leaves. Total culm of bamboo comprises of 60 % parenchyma, 40 % fibers, and 10 % conducting tissues (vessels and sieve tubes). Bamboo culm constitutes 60–70 % of fiber content by weight (Liese 1992). Bamboo fibers consist of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin in the ratio 2:1:1 (Tung et al. 2004; Fukushima et al.

10 Specific Strength Bamboo fiber extracted by steam explosion method has a very high specific strength. The specific strength of steam exploded bamboo fiber is equivalent to conventional glass fiber (Okubo et al. 2004). The specific strength of bamboo fibers is higher than plastics, which makes them a very good choice for preparation of many substances including furniture (Lakkad and Patel 1981). Bamboo fiber’s specific strength when compared with specific strength of mild steel is 3–4 times higher.

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