Biomechanics of human motion : applications in the martial by Emeric Arus Ph.D.

By Emeric Arus Ph.D.

Biomechanics of Human movement: purposes within the Martial Arts delineates the final legislation governing the human biomechanics via an intensive assessment of martial arts innovations and references to primary conception. utilizing undemanding arithmetic and physics, the publication covers intensive the anatomical beginning of biomechanics, the biomechanical and physiological origin of human movement, and the basics of biomechanics.

Divided into 4 elements, the booklet covers:

  • The musculoskeletal anatomy of the main muscle mass, their services, and the several roles of the muscle tissue in human mechanics
  • The biomechanical and physiological foundations of human movement, together with the very uncomplicated conceptions approximately lever platforms, middle of gravity, kinematic chain platforms, and Newton’s laws
  • Kinematics and kinetics through complicated examples from martial arts and their comparability to diversified activities techniques
  • The biomechanical rules and research of the martial arts, together with anatomical and physiological issues, and the research of the actual homes of quite a number techniques

Focusing on martial arts and sports, this publication is designed for use by way of undergraduate and graduate scholars of human stream technological know-how, actual schooling, and health, in addition to collage teachers and martial artists.

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Additional resources for Biomechanics of human motion : applications in the martial arts

Example text

However, the designation of a muscle as a prime or assistant mover is unclear at this time. A muscle that is said to be a fixator or stabilizer is an anchor muscle; it supports a bone or body part from where an active muscle has a firm base to pull. For instance, to open a door, elbow flexion may be needed, and if the scapula, for example, is not stabilized, the contraction of the biceps muscle may cause a pulling forward of the shoulder girdle (dislocation) rather than an opening of the door. We can find similar examples in a Judo contest.

The following are active movements: • Ballistic movement makes use of repetitive and rapid bouncing motions initiated by strong muscular contraction and continued by momentum. Ballistic movement may be terminated by one of the three modalities: (a) interference with an external object, (b) ­reaching the limit of motion, and (c) contracting of antagonist muscles. • Dynamic balance refers to body equilibrium in motion. It should not be confused with static body balance. Dynamic balance or ­equilibrium is maintained either on a moving surface or while moving the body through space.

We can find similar examples in a Judo contest. During Judo contests using off-balancing (Kuzushi), opponents push or pull each other, but most of the time they pull each other than push each other. So, during the pulling actions, in addition to the biceps and the brachialis muscle acting as a flexor, there are stabilizer muscles of the shoulder girdle that prevent the dislocation of the shoulder joint. There are four muscles that are the major stabilizer of the shoulder girdle, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis.

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