By Ka Ho Mok (auth.), Mok Ka-Ho (eds.)
Globalization has introduced dramatic alterations to the nature and services of schooling in such a lot international locations around the globe. besides the fact that, the impression of globalization on faculties and universities isn't really uniform. One public-policy method that has been extensively followed is decentralization; yet there is not any consensus on even if centralization or decentralization is more suitable to enhance association and administration in schooling.
This publication is contextualized within the literature on globalization, and examines how guidelines of decentralization have affected the operating of schooling in Hong Kong, Taiwan, Shanghai, Singapore, Macau and Mainland China. It analyzes the concepts that the governments of the chosen societies have followed in reforming the constitution of schooling platforms, mobilizing diverse forces to create extra academic possibilities, and devising new measures to guarantee caliber within the schooling sector.
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For example, SMI schools could exercise discretion in spending their block grant, freeze unfilled teaching vacancies up to 5 per cent of the total teaching establishment , use the savings for acceptable purposes and collect fees from students for specific school-related activities. However, as the block grant contributes less than 15 per cent of school funding, the discretion was very limited . Clearly, the financial flexibility under the SMI scheme was inadequate to encourage schools to achieve individuality according to their needs.
However, the polic y was firmly pushed by the government. In 1997, the ECR7 recommended that Schoo l-based Mana gement (SB M) - in the spirit of SM I - would be impleme nted in all schools by 2000 . Moreover, the SBM Consultative Document pub lished in 2000 recomm ended all schools to ado pt a go verna nce struc ture which aimed LEUNG Yin Hung, Joan 23 to devolve power to "all stakeholders". Its proposal to devolve power to the School Management Committee (SMC) in each school aroused great concern and strong reaction among the Christian school sponsoring bodies (SSB).
Centralised Decentralization: Sioanism, Marketing Quality and Higher Education. Australian Univers ities Review. 36 (2): 9- I7. K. & Luk, F. (2000). Letter Written on Behalf of the Hong Kong Council of the Church of Christ in China to the Legislative Council Education Panel, Hong Kong Special ]8 The Politics of Decentralization in Hong Kong Admin istrative Region Gov ernment. 2 December. Education Panel Discussion Paper No. C8 (2) 432/00-0 1 (01), Meeting on II December. 3 Centralization and Decentralization in Educational Governance in Taiwan WENG Fwu Yuan Introduction In the past few decad es, educa tion reforms have caused a remarkable change in Taiwan's educat iona l organi za tion , sys tem and power structure.