By Ding Lu, William A W Neilson
Within the final 20 years, China's western inland quarter has mostly been passed over of the nation's financial growth. whereas its 355-million inhabitants bills for 28% and its land quarter for seventy one% of China's overall, the region's proportion of the nationwide GDP is lower than 20%. due to the fact 1999, Beijing has carried out the West China improvement application to spice up the region's progress. to review the key household matters and the worldwide implications of this application, the collage of Victoria's Centre for Asia-Pacific tasks equipped and hosted a multidisciplinary overseas convention on March 6-8, 2003. This quantity of papers offered on the convention bargains views at the matters via prime specialists of assorted educational disciplines from China, Canada, the united states, and different international locations.
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Extra resources for China's West Region Development: Domestic Strategies and Global Implications
W i t h o u t the g o v e r n m e n t - c l a i m e d " g r e a t readjustment", "great restoration" and "great protection" of the ecoenvironment in the region, the Plan will lead nowhere. Some major measures have been adopted in respect to eco-environment protection. For instance, the programs on Protection of Natural Forest, including Ban on Felling of Natural Forest, which went into effect in 1998, and the program on "Returning Cultivated Land to Forest and Grassland", which began in 1999, are both measures of great significance.
The achievements of the eco-environment construction were t h u s r u i n e d . So p e o p l e w o r r y a b o u t w h a t will h a p p e n after the g o v e r n m e n t stops p r o v i d i n g grains for farmers w h o r e t u r n their c u l t i v a t e d l a n d to forest. To a c h i e v e t h e t a r g e t of e c o - s y s t e m improvement is a very tough job and has no simple answer. No doubt, China faces severe challenges in this process. Initiatives from the local level In respect to establishing a compensation mechanism, some areas have tried some innovations.
China's official poverty line on annual personal income is 100 yuan in 1978,206 yuan in 1985,268 yuan in 1990,550 yuan in 1995, and 625 yuan in 2002. According to China's "Seventh Five-year Plan", the whole country is divided into east, west and central economic regions. , Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Xizang, Shanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, and Xinjiang. The statistics are subject to such a division of region. The term "green department" refers to the government department that is in charge of protection of eco-system, resources and e n v i r o n m e n t .