Chinese Encyclopaedias of New Global Knowledge (1870-1930): by Rudolf G. Wagner (auth.), Milena Doleželová-Velingerová,

By Rudolf G. Wagner (auth.), Milena Doleželová-Velingerová, Rudolf G Wagner (eds.)

This is a suite of pioneering reviews on chinese language encyclopaedias of recent wisdom (1870-1930). At a transitional time while smooth wisdom was once wanted but few smooth colleges have been to be had, those works have been an important resources of knowledge for a complete new release.

This quantity investigates lots of those encyclopaedias, that have been by no means reprinted and are hardly ever identified even to experts, for the 1st time. The participants to this assortment all specialise in the interval in query and feature labored jointly for a few years. The ensuing stories express that those encyclopaedias open a different window onto the migration and ordering platforms of information throughout cultural and linguistic borders.

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Extra info for Chinese Encyclopaedias of New Global Knowledge (1870-1930): Changing Ways of Thought

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23 immigrants to their new environment and focusing on the entries for “family” rather than state institutions or science, she probes the profound changes in the private lives of people in their “immigration” to the foreign land of modernity. Scholarly literature has often emphasized the difference between traditional Chinese reference works and the modern Western equivalents. The Chinese encyclopaedias for everyday practical use that became popular during the Ming dynasty and were updated and reprinted well into the Republican period were not included in these surveys, and nor were the new Chinese encyclopaedias studied in this volume.

He devoted the next decade to work on foreign affairs, until he assumed the directorship of the Shanghai Mechanized Textile Bureau, Shanghai jiqi zhibu ju 上海機器織布局, in 1890. From 1891 until his death in 1900, Ma lived in Shanghai and, due to disappointments in his political work, took up work as a translator. In addition to Ma’s Principles of Written Chinese, Ma shi wentong 馬氏文通, he also compiled the Comprehensive Compendium of Technical Learning. According to Luo Zhenyu’s 羅振玉 (1866–1940) preface, this massive work, which was published in 1902 when the publication of encyclopaedias really took off, was the result of 13 See Xue Yuqin 薛玉琴, Jindai sixiang qianquzhe de beiju juese: Ma Jianzhong yanjiu 近代思 想前驅者的悲劇角色 : 馬建忠研究 [The tragic role of a precursor to modern thought: A study on Ma Jianzhong ] (Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue, 2006), 16–24, 214.

32 Li Hsiao-t’i Examinations, a situation that led them both to become involved in the SelfStrengthening or Foreign Affairs Movement, Yangwu 洋務, to study abroad, and to enter diplomatic service. Ma Jianzhong served as a private secretary to Li Hongzhang 李鴻章 (1823–1901), a leading figure in the Self-Strengthening Movement who was active in introducing Western institutions and weaponry to China. Qian Xun served as secretary to Li Hongzhang’s chief rival, Zhang Zhidong 張之洞 (1837–1909), who stressed the need to maintain “Chinese teachings as the basis” 中學為體 while accepting “Western learning for its practical aspects” 西學為用.

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