Exploring Buried Buxton: Archaeology of an Abandoned Iowa by David M. Gradwohl, Nancy M. Osborn

By David M. Gradwohl, Nancy M. Osborn

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RECONNAISSANCE UNIT C Reconnaissance Unit C com~rises the property presently owned by the Raymond Carter family in the northeastern quarter of Section 4. Nearly all of Reconnaissance Unit C, according to the 1919 plat map, was divided into numbered, quarter-acre lots along streets extending from B Street and A Street at the north to East Seventh Street at the south. In addition to the parallel numbered streets, the plat map also indicates an unnamed, east-west aligned street that extended into Buxton from the Hobe Armstrong property at the eastern edge of the town.

In this case, the architects and engineers who designed the EXPLORING BURIED BUXTON physical layout of Buxton appear to have anticipated by several decades the application of scientific planning to the creation of company mining towns (cf. Lohmann 1915; Magnusson 1920:27-40 et passim). To be sure, aspects of the settlement pattern related to the local topographic setting: (1) the railroad followed along low terraces above the right bank of Bluff Creek; (2) the business district was located within the valley on terraces and toeslopes adjacent to the railroad; (3) the residential area extended up the hillslopes, along the ravines, and on the uplands south and east of the business district; (4) two or three streets appear to have followed the alignment of ravines; and (5) the superintendent's house was situated above the left bank of Bluff Creek, figuratively as well as literally above and isolated from the townspeople within view across the valley.

SSU KC-2 was inspected soon after the oats had been harvested and, although surface visibility was not optimal, some materials could be seen. In addition to scattered pieces of bricks and mortar, which were observed but not collected, the following 14 artifacts were obtained: 6 china fragments, 1 stoneware sherd, 4 transparent glass pieces, 2 milk glass fragments, and 1 piece of slate or shale. SSU KC-3 is large pasture north of the Case Keegel home. The southern portion of this site survey unit corresponds to several relatively large parcels of land that, according to the 1919 plat map, were owned by W.

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